Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’

Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’, a delightful succulent hybrid, is a mainstay in rock gardens and indoor succulent collections across the globe. A native to Mexico, this versatile plant is commonly seen in North America and is cherished for its resilience and alluring charm. With a maximum height reaching up to 6 inches, the plant is compact and ground-hugging, with the ability to spread in width over time. It’s aesthetic appeal and hardy nature make it a favorite amongst novice and seasoned gardeners alike.

Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’

Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ Information

Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi,’ also known as Sedeveria Starburst or Graptosedum Darley Sunshine, is a delightful hybrid succulent resulting from the cross between Graptopetalum paraguayense and

Sedum pachyphyllum, both of which are shown in the figure below. This stunning succulent showcases a captivating rosette formation with vibrant, variegated leaves that display a beautiful blend of pink, green, and cream hues. Its striking appearance and ease of care make it a perfect choice for startup gardeners. Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ is known for its resilience and ability to thrive in a variety of conditions, making it quite rough and tough. With proper sunlight, well-draining soil, and moderate watering, this charming succulent will flourish, adding a touch of elegance and color to any garden or indoor collection.

Graptopetalum paraguayense and 

Sedum pachyphyllum
Common NameGraptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’
Botanical NameGraptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’
Plant TypeSucculent
Mature SizeUp to 6 inches
Sun ExposureFull to Partial Sun
Soil TypeWell-draining, Sandy or Gritty
Soil pHNeutral to slightly Acidic
Bloom TimeSpring
Flower ColorYellow
Hardiness Zones9 – 11
Native AreaMexico

Morphology and Anatomy

Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ exhibits a unique morphology that sets it apart in the succulent world. The plant features plump, rounded leaves beautifully arranged in rosette-like structures. These leaves range from a striking silver-gray to a deep, lustrous purple depending on light exposure and stress conditions. Its stems are slender, branching out and laying low to create a dense, carpet-like appearance.

The plant’s flowers are a true spectacle, emerging in clusters on tall stalks in spring. These charming blossoms exhibit a warm, sunny yellow color, contrasting beautifully with the cool tones of the leaves. Internally, like all succulents, ‘Francesco Baldi’ is built to keep water in its leaves, stems, and roots, enabling it to survive in arid conditions.

Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’: Growth and Development

Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ demonstrates a robust capacity for growth and development, thanks largely to its resilient nature and adaptability to different environmental conditions. It thrives best under full to partial sunlight but can also tolerate shaded conditions, although this might lead to a loss of color intensity in the leaves.

The plant prefers well-draining, sandy, or gritty soil and is not picky about soil pH, growing well in neutral to slightly acidic conditions. While it doesn’t require frequent watering, it does appreciate a good soak after the soil has dried out completely. Overwatering can cause root rot, a common issue with succulents.

Although Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ can survive without fertilizers, occasional feeding during the growing season with a succulent or cacti-specific fertilizer can help maintain its vitality and enhance its growth. Rainwater is beneficial for the plant, but it is more tolerant of drought conditions than overwatering.

Temperature-wise, Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ can survive mild frost but thrives in warmer climates, aligning with its hardiness zones of 9 to 11. It can grow indoors and outdoors, but indoor plants may need to be moved outside periodically for better sunlight exposure.

The growth and development of ‘Francesco Baldi’ can be influenced by hormones, much like other plants. For instance, the plant hormone auxin can be vital in its growth. Auxin stimulates cell elongation and is instrumental in plant growth and development.

Regarding propagation, Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ is quite easy to multiply. Leaf and stem cuttings help to grow new plants, and it is also possible to propagate it from seeds, although the process is significantly longer.

The growth rate of ‘Francesco Baldi’ is moderate and largely depends on environmental conditions and care provided. With ideal conditions and proper care, this succulent can fill up a garden space or pot quite nicely over time. It’s a great plant for beginners due to its easy-care nature and attractive appearance.

It’s important to note that the plant can undergo a period of dormancy during the hottest and coldest parts of the year. During this time, watering should be reduced, and the plant should be kept in a cool, dry location.

Growth Guide

Taxonomy and Classification

Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ falls under the Plantae kingdom, reflecting its classification as a green plant. Belonging to the Tracheophyta division (vascular plants), it is a part of the Magnoliopsida class, characterized by flowering plants, also known as dicots. The plant is a member of the Saxifragales order, with a family lineage rooted in Crassulaceae, popularly known as the stonecrop family. Within this family, it belongs to the Graptosedum genus.

There are numerous species under the Graptosedum genus, each with distinct characteristics, including Graptosedum ‘Vera Higgins,’ Graptosedum ‘Bronze,’ and Graptosedum ‘Ghosty,’ among others.


Reproduction in Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ takes place both sexually and asexually. Sexual reproduction occurs via the plant’s flowers, which attract pollinators, forming seeds. However, asexual reproduction is more commonly utilized by gardeners due to its efficiency and simplicity. This can be achieved through leaf or stem cuttings, left to callous for a few days before planting in well-draining soil.

Habitat and light impact

Francesco Baldi, a captivating succulent, exhibits a fascinating color-changing feature based on its light exposure. When grown in shade, the vibrant hues of its rosettes transition into a calming green, with the intensity of the shade directly correlating to the paleness of the plant’s coloration. While it can be an excellent choice for bright indoor spaces, caution should be exercised as it may not thrive in low-light environments. For successful cultivation, it can be potted in containers or integrated into garden landscapes, bringing its charming presence to both settings. However, it’s essential to avoid areas prone to water accumulation, as excessive moisture can lead to potential root issues. Due to its rapid growth, Francesco Baldi will soon outgrow its current pot, necessitating repotting to accommodate its development and maintain its health and vitality. With the right balance of light and care, this captivating succulent will undoubtedly flourish and enchant gardeners with its ever-changing beauty.

Originally native to Mexico, Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ can now be found in diverse habitats worldwide, from residential gardens to greenhouses, owing to its adaptability and popular use in horticulture. It is especially common in arid environments such as deserts, although it can also be found in forested areas and rocky terrains.

Harsh climates

Francesco Baldi thrives best when planted in pots with adequate drainage holes and well-draining potting mix, ensuring that excess water doesn’t stagnate around its roots. This succulent is remarkably resilient and can withstand scorching temperatures with ease. While it can tolerate extreme heat, intense sunlight may cause sunburn on its leaves, leading to some cosmetic damage. However, this hardy plant shows its adaptability by not succumbing to sunburn and continuing to flourish despite such conditions. Additionally, Francesco Baldi displays a certain level of frost tolerance, making it suitable for regions with harsher winter climates. Nevertheless, gardeners should exercise caution during frosty periods and protect the plant from prolonged exposure to freezing temperatures to ensure its long-term health and vitality. With the right care and attention to its environmental needs, Francesco Baldi will undoubtedly reward gardeners with its enduring beauty and resilience.

Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ has various adaptations to survive in different environments. Its succulent leaves store water, enabling it to withstand periods of drought. The plant’s rosette formation also helps minimize water loss by reducing the leaf surface area exposed to the sun. Additionally, its root system is shallow but extensive, optimizing water absorption in arid environments.

Threats and Conservation

Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ faces threats from overwatering and frost, which can lead to root rot and frost damage. In terms of conservation, the best strategy is sustainable cultivation. Propagation through cuttings reduces the need for wild collection, ensuring the plant’s conservation in its natural habitats.

Plant Nutrition and Soil Requirements

Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ needs well-draining soil with a neutral to slightly acidic pH for optimal growth. It can tolerate nutrient-poor soils but benefits from occasional feeding with a balanced succulent or cacti fertilizer during the growing season. Key nutrients for this plant include nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.

About Soil Requirements

Notable Plant Features/Types

Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ is known for its attractive, rosette-forming succulent leaves, which can vary in color from silver-gray to deep purple, depending on light exposure. It is also noteworthy for its yellow flowers that bloom in spring. As for variations, Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ is a hybrid, and its traits can vary slightly depending on its specific parent plants.

Importance and Uses

Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ is highly valued in ecosystems due to its roles as a producer and soil stabilizer. Its succulent leaves provide water for insects and small animals in arid environments. The plant offers aesthetic value in Landscaping and indoor decoration for humans due to its visually pleasing foliage and bloom. Although not used for medicinal purposes or as food, its value in ecological balance and aesthetics is significant.

Color variations

Francesco Baldi is an enchanting succulent known for its spreading habit, which allows it to create a captivating rosette carpet when grown in clusters. Each individual rosette can reach up to 10 cm in size, making it a charming addition to any succulent collection or garden. What makes this sedeveria even more captivating is its wide range of colors. Its rosettes come in various shades, including pale green, blue-gray, orange, and light pink. The colors of the rosettes tend to intensify and become more vibrant with increased exposure to bright sunlight. This unique characteristic not only adds a striking visual appeal to Francesco Baldi but also makes it a favorite among succulent enthusiasts who seek to add a burst of color and beauty to their outdoor or indoor spaces. With proper care and ample sunlight, this sedeveria will thrive, rewarding gardeners with a picturesque carpet of alluring rosettes.

Interestingly, Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ is not an edible plant, but it brings color and life to spaces where it is grown. One fun fact is that this plant can change color based on light exposure, ranging from silver-gray to deep purple. The change in hue adds a dynamic aspect to gardens and interior décor. Moreover, its rosette formation gives it the appearance of a miniature flower, a delightful characteristic that makes it a favorite among succulent enthusiasts.

Photosynthesis and Plant Metabolism

Like all green plants, Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ undergoes photosynthesis to generate energy. Through its leaves, it collects solar energy, which it uses to convert atmospheric carbon dioxide and soil water into glucose, a type of sugar the plant requires for growth and development. During photosynthesis, oxygen is also produced and released into the environment. The plant additionally performs respiration, breaking down glucose to produce energy, and transpiration, losing water to the atmosphere.

Plant Diseases and Pest Control

Francesco Baldi, like many succulent plants, is susceptible to various common pests that can pose challenges for its overall health and appearance. Among the culprits are aphids, mealybugs, caterpillars, snails, and slugs. Aphids, as seen in the figure, tend to be more prevalent during the flowering stage of the plant’s life. These tiny sap-sucking insects can cluster on the new growth, causing damage and impeding healthy development. Mealybugs, on the other hand, can be particularly troublesome as they hide deep within the crevices of the leaves, making them harder to detect and remove. It is essential for succulent enthusiasts to regularly inspect their Francesco Baldi for signs of infestation and promptly take appropriate measures to combat these pests. Implementing natural remedies, introducing beneficial insects, or employing targeted treatments can help keep these nuisances at bay and preserve the beauty and vitality of the Francesco Baldi plant.

aphids on starbust

If you notice some chunks of leaves missing from your Francesco Baldi plant, as depicted in the figure, it is likely the result of pests like slugs, snails, caterpillars, or grasshoppers. These voracious feeders can be a significant challenge in succulent gardens, as they can quickly munch on the succulent’s tender leaves, leaving behind unsightly damage. Slugs and snails are particularly notorious for their nocturnal feeding habits, while caterpillars and grasshoppers may be more active during the day. To protect your Francesco Baldi and prevent further damage, it’s crucial to implement pest control measures appropriate for these specific pests. Methods such as handpicking, creating physical barriers, or using organic insecticides can help safeguard your precious succulent from the appetite of these garden pests, ensuring its continued growth and beauty.

attacked leaf

Overwatering and poor drainage can lead to root rot, a disease caused by fungi in the soil. Prevention is the best approach, which includes using well-draining soil, avoiding overwatering, and providing adequate sunlight. Neem oil and insecticidal soap are two examples of natural remedies that are suggested for pest control.

Plant Conservation and Biodiversity

Despite not being endangered, Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ conservation contributes to overall plant biodiversity. Maintaining plant diversity is critical for healthy ecosystems and human survival. It ensures a variety of food sources and medicinal plants, supports wildlife, and aids in climate regulation. Sustainable gardening practices, including responsible water use and avoiding invasive plant species, contribute to conserving biodiversity.

Gardening Tips and Cultivation Techniques

Growing Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ requires a sunny spot with well-draining soil. Overwatering should be avoided; water only when the soil is dry. During the growing season, a balanced succulent or cacti fertilizer can be applied to support growth. Pruning is rarely necessary, but dead or dying leaves should be removed to prevent disease spread. The plant can easily be propagated from leaf or stem cuttings.

Gardening Tips

Medicinal and Herbal Plants

Contrary to what might be expected, Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ has no known medicinal properties. Despite being part of the succulent family – many of which are renowned for their healing benefits – this specific species is primarily valued for its ornamental appeal. However, conducting extensive research or consulting with health professionals is crucial before using any plant therapeutically.

Ornamental usage and Landscaping

The aesthetic appeal of Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ makes it a popular choice for decorative purposes. Its beautiful rosette formations and the ability to change color depending on light exposure add visual interest to any landscape. It’s a great addition to rock, succulent, and terrariums. Its low maintenance requirements and drought tolerance make it an excellent choice for green roofs.

Ethnobotany and Traditional Uses of Plants

Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ does not have notable historical or cultural significance due to its recent hybrid origin. Nonetheless, like many other succulents, it has found its place in contemporary urban culture, especially amongst indoor gardeners and succulent enthusiasts. Its unique aesthetic features make it a popular home decor and landscaping choice.

Ecosystems and Food Webs

Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi,’ like other plants, plays a vital role in the ecosystem. It contributes to the biodiversity of flora, serving as a food source and habitat for insects and small organisms. As a succulent, it’s particularly important in arid environments, where its water-storing leaves provide sustenance for local fauna.

Life Span

Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ can live for many years with proper care, often spanning decades. It grows slowly, taking several months to mature and start flowering fully. The plant typically blooms in the spring, displaying small, star-shaped flowers. The best time to plant Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ is in the spring or early summer, but it can be successfully planted at any time in climates with mild winters.

Flowers, roots, and seeds

Francesco Baldi, an enchanting succulent, delights with its beautiful flowers that typically grace the plant in later winter or spring, emerging from the heart of its rosette on tall stalks, as shown in the figure below. These vibrant blooms, a striking yellow in color, add a burst of brightness to the succulent’s overall appearance. Each stalk proudly holds over ten individual flowers, creating a captivating spectacle.

Graptosedum 'Francesco Baldi' flower

They don’t have a significant fragrance. After blooming, the plant produces seeds in a fruit-like structure. These seeds can be sown just below the surface of a well-draining soil mix. A good location in the garden is a spot that receives ample sunlight but is protected from intense afternoon sun.

To collect seeds from your Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi,’ let the seed shell dry out on the plant. Once dry, the pods will split open, and the seeds can be collected for future planting. Sow them about a quarter-inch deep into the soil and space them about an inch apart to give them room to grow.

Plant Care/ Fertilizers

Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ requires minimal care. As a succulent, it has evolved to survive in arid environments and doesn’t need daily watering. To avoid root rot, water the plant only when the soil is completely dry. It’s best to use a well-draining soil mix specifically designed for succulents. The plant doesn’t require regular pruning, but removing dead leaves can help maintain its appearance.

As for fertilizers, Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ doesn’t have heavy nutrient needs. During the growing season, a diluted complete liquid fertilizer or a seaweed or fish emulsion fertilizer can provide a nutrient boost. Always follow the procedure on the fertilizer package to avoid over-fertilization.

Graptosedum 'Francesco Baldi' propagation
All About Care


Francesco Baldi can be propagated through various methods, offering succulent enthusiasts multiple ways to expand their collection. The most common propagation techniques include stem cuttings and leaf cuttings. Stem cuttings involve snipping a healthy stem from the parent plant, allowing it to dry before planting it in well-draining soil. These cuttings can quickly develop roots and establish new plants. Leaf cuttings, on the other hand, require carefully removing a healthy leaf from the rosette and placing it on the soil’s surface. Over time, the leaf develops roots and grows into a new succulent. Additionally, beheading, a method of cutting off the top portion of a tall stem, can lead to the growth of new rosettes and bushier plants. Whichever method is chosen, Francesco Baldi’s propagation offers an enjoyable and rewarding experience for succulent enthusiasts. For a detailed more detailed explanation about propagation read here.

Interaction with animals/pets

Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ is generally considered non-toxic to pets. However, as with any plant, it can cause gastrointestinal upset if ingested in large quantities. In the wild, its role in the local ecosystem could be providing shelter or a food source for small insects.

Commercial Availability

Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ is commercially available and may be available in many garden centers and online nurseries in the United States and Europe. The price depends on the size of the plant and the vendor, but generally, you can expect to pay between $5 and $15 in the US or around £4 to £12 in the UK. Always choose a reputable seller to ensure you’re purchasing a healthy, disease-free plant.

Growth Rate

Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ has a moderate growth rate. Given the right care and conditions, it can grow up to 1-2 inches per month. The plant prefers full to partial sunlight for optimum growth. It’s flexible enough to grow both indoors and outdoors; however, if growing indoors, it should be placed close to a window where it can take plenty of light.

Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ Variegata

Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ variegata is indeed a variant of this species. The variegated form boasts a striking combination of colors. Leaves are typically green with creamy white or yellow variegation. The exact color patterns can vary from plant to plant, but the contrast between the green and variegated portions of the leaves gives this succulent a particularly eye-catching appearance.

Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ Frequently Asked Questions


Why is my Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ turning brown?

If your Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ turns brown, it may be a sign of overwatering. These plants are succulents and prefer dry conditions. If the soil is consistently damp, it can cause root rot, which will eventually cause your plant to turn brown.

Why are my Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ leaves shriveling?

Shriveling leaves can be a sign of underwatering. While Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ is drought-tolerant, it still requires watering. If the leaves are wilting, the plant isn’t getting enough water.

Is Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ toxic to cats?

Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ is not listed on the ASPCA’s list of toxic plants for cats. However, each cat is different and may have different reactions, so it’s always a good idea to monitor your pet’s interaction with your plants.

Does Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ require full sun exposure?

Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ thrives in full to partial sun exposure. They can tolerate a few hours of shade but require plenty of light to maintain their vibrant coloration and compact growth.

When is the best time to propagate Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’?

The best time to propagate Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ is during spring or summer for this plant. During this period, the plant is most vigorous, and cuttings or leaves used for propagation are more likely to take root.


Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ is a fascinating plant species with a robust nature and exquisite attributes. Its ability to thrive in various environments and its stunning visual appeal make it a favorite among plant enthusiasts and horticulturists. By understanding its growth patterns, nutrient requirements, and potential threats, we can cultivate this plant successfully and appreciate its contributions to our ecosystems. The world of Graptosedum ‘Francesco Baldi’ is indeed a delightful journey into nature’s artistry. Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or a curious novice, this plant will surely bring a touch of nature’s beauty into your home or garden.

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *