How to Grow Crassula Ovata from Seeds

Growing Crassula Ovata from seeds requires careful attention and this article aims to provide you with all the necessary tips. Crassula Ovata seeds, commonly known as Jade Plant, are native to South Africa and can be found in various countries and continents across the globe. These seeds have the potential to grow into stunning plants that can reach a maximum height of around three feet.

Whether your heart is set on growing the quirky Crassula Ovata ‘Hobbit,’ the stunning Crassula Ovata ‘Variegata,’ or the delicate Crassula springtime from seeds, this comprehensive article provides a universal guide that you can rely on. The steps outlined here offer a solid foundation for nurturing these various Crassula Ovata varieties, ensuring that your journey to cultivating these beautiful succulents is as smooth and successful as possible.


Crassula Ovata seeds are self-pollinating, meaning that they can produce a significant number of seeds once they bloom. This self-sufficiency allows for successful propagation of the plant through seed cultivation.

Seeds identification:

Crassula Ovata Seeds

Crassula Ovata seeds are small, measuring about 1-2 mm in size. They have a dark brown to black coloration, resembling tiny specks of dust. Although seed germination can vary, these seeds have a reasonably high percentage of successful germination when provided with optimal conditions.

Substrate Mixture:

Creating an ideal substrate mixture is crucial for the germination of Crassula Ovata seeds. The recommended composition includes 50% loam, 40% coarse sand with a granulation size of up to 0.7 inches (2mm), and 10% perlite. This mixture ensures proper drainage and airflow, facilitating the healthy growth of the seeds.

Step 1: Buying Crassula Ovata Seeds:

Purchasing Crassula Ovata seeds from a reputable source is vital as it can significantly impact the success of your cultivation. Many succulent seeds have a similar appearance to dust or dirt, making it easy to mistake them for other substances. By obtaining seeds from a trusted source, you can be assured of their authenticity and quality.

Step 2: Container Selection and Sterilization:

When selecting a container for Crassula Ovata seeds, it is not necessary to opt for a large one. Since the seeds are small, numerous seeds can be planted in a single container. It is important to sterilize both the planting mixture and the container to create a favorable environment for seed germination. Sterilization can be achieved by baking the substrate in an oven at 360°F (180°C) for approximately 30 minutes or using a microwave oven for around 5 minutes. Alternatively, pouring boiling water over the substrate can also effectively sterilize it. After sterilization, allow the substrate to cool before pouring it into the containers, leaving a gap of at least 0.4 inches (1 cm) from the top. To prevent mold growth, apply a fungicide over the substrate.

Step 3: Soaking the Seeds

Soaking the Crassula Ovata seeds in warm water, around 90 degrees Fahrenheit, for 12-24 hours before planting is recommended, although not essential. This process allows the seeds to absorb water, resulting in plumper embryos. However, it is crucial not to exceed the soaking time as it may cause the seeds to decompose.

Step 4: Preparing the Container for Seeds:

succulent pot with drainage holes and tray

Before planting the seeds, water the prepared soil to moisten it. The soil should contain components like sharp sand, pumice, or perlite to ensure adequate drainage. The moisture in the soil helps the seeds adhere to it during the planting process.

Step 5: Planting the Seeds:

Due to the small size of Crassula Ovata seeds, it is essential to maintain a clean workspace and have clean hands while planting. Carefully place the seeds on the soil mix, ensuring that there is sufficient space between each seed. Avoid piling the seeds together, as this can hinder the germination process. Gently press the seeds into the soil without covering them entirely.

If using a tray with multiple compartments, place 1-2 seeds in each cell. Press the seeds gently into the soil, avoiding the need for an additional layer of soil. Cover the tray(s) with a clear lid or plastic wrap to create a greenhouse-like environment.

Step 6: Watering and Light:

Place the trays in a well-lit area, away from direct sunlight. Maintaining a temperature of around 70 degrees Fahrenheit is ideal for germination. Crassula Ovata seeds require both light and constant access to water for successful growth. It is recommended to flood the container from below by pouring water into the hole near the soil in order to provide sufficient hydration. As the seeds continue to grow, ensure a consistent water supply. Once the plants have established a root system, gradually reduce the frequency of watering.

Step 7: Repotting Crassula Ovata Seeds:

Repotting Crassula Ovata seeds is generally recommended after they have reached approximately 2 inches (5 cm) in height and have a well-established root system.

Step 8: Final Result

In conclusion, embarking on the journey of growing Crassula Ovata from seeds is undeniably a gratifying experience. While it may demand patience and time, the rewards reaped along the way make it all worthwhile. Witnessing the tiny, delicate seeds transform into robust succulent plants is a testament to the wonders of nature and the nurturing care we provide. So, as you embark on this gardening adventure, remember that while the process may be slow, the joy and satisfaction of nurturing a life from a tiny seed to a thriving Crassula Ovata is a truly remarkable and fulfilling endeavor. Embrace the journey, cherish the growth, and revel in the beauty of your flourishing succulent garden. Happy gardening!

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